The Status Quo Revisited: Religion, Class, and Ethnicity in Israel
This article seeks to revisit the status quo arrangement in Israel from the perspective of the state-society relationship, and proposes to understand it in the context of the stratified citizenship regime in Israel. The prevailing tendency in the study of state-religion relations is to see in Israel a unique case, where the symbiosis between the two is simultaneously dependent and independent. This article re-examines the history of the status quo and seeks to explain the lack of secularization in the realms of ethnicity and class and their role in shaping the Jewish middle class. Arguably, religion and religiosity have become markers of belonging and marginalization. From this perspective, the lack of secularization, which is perceived as a failure, is but a manifestation of the middle class' capacity to ensure the reproduction of class and ethnic power relations in Israeli society.