Role Set Density, Role Conflict, and Distress among Working Mothers
Liat Kulik , firstname.lastname@example.org
Gaby Liberman, email@example.com
This study examined whether a relationship exists between the role set density (RSD) – the number of roles taken on by a woman – and her experience of distress within the family and at work. In addition, work-family conflicts resulting from the interference of work with family roles (WIF) and from the interference of family with work roles (FIW) were examined as variables that mediate the impact of role set density on the distress that women experience. Based on a sample of 227 Israeli working mothers, the findings revealed that RSD was negatively associated with distress at work, but did not correlate with distress in the family. Moreover, WIF and FIW were found to mediate the impact of role set density on the sense of distress at work. Perceived social support correlated negatively with distress at work and in the family, and moderated the impact of FIW on distress within the family. Some correlations were found between personal resources and the intensity of role conflict and emotional distress. Contrary to expectations, multiple roles were found to have a beneficial effect on working mothers, and reduced their distress.