New Programs – Old Content? New Israeli Communes and Attitudes toward Higher Education
Doron Timor, email@example.com
The "New Communes" phenomenon of the last few years represents a novel direction taken by the communal movement in Israel.
The members of these communes are attempting to offer a double alternative, both in terms of society at large, and with regard to the "old-style" kibbutzim. New communes build on the endeavors of the kibbutz movement, modeled after communal kibbutzim (kibbutzim shitufi'im), while simultaneously forging a new, independent path through the implementation of unique communal methods.
As descendants of the various traditional kibbutz movements, members of the new communes deal with the same substantial problems that have occupied kibbutz members for years, such as attitudes toward higher education, which creates tension between two modern institutions – the kibbutz movement and the academic system.
The article deals with the dialogical model between the new communes and academia – which includes new programs in universities and colleges. These programs – some of which are closed to commune members, while others are semi-closed – have created a unique pedagogy and allows them to strengthen their ideology. The research also deals with the processes of privatization and sectorization of higher education which allow such programs to exist.