Gender Difference as a Factor in the Relationship between Cybercrime Awareness and Involvement in Risky Online Behaviors
Inbal Lam , firstname.lastname@example.org
Gustavo S. Mesch, email@example.com
Research studies based on routine activity theories have identified online behaviors that create opportunities for cybercrime victimization.
Although the need for increasing public awareness of cybercrime is a common goal, studies on the relationship between perception of crime and online behavior are scarce. The purpose of this study was to explore gender difference as a factor in the relationship between cybercrime awareness and involvement in risky online behaviors. Data for this study were collected through a 2014 telephone survey of personal Internet users in Israel (N=1850). Results indicate that gender differences are a clear factor in awareness of cybercrime and involvement in risky online behaviors. Women reported a higher level of awareness and lower levels of involvement in risky behaviors than men, even when controlling for other factors, such as socio-economic status and intensity and seniority of Internet use.
This study provides important insights into the relationship between awareness and involvement in risky online behaviors among different socio-demographic groups, and highlights gender differences regarding this connection. The findings may be used for the development of social programs aimed at combatting cybercrime for both individual Internet users, and distinct social groups.