Faculty Attitudes toward Academic Capitalism in Israel
Abraham Yogev and Oded Mcdossi, email@example.com
Academic capitalism is the market and market-like conduct of universities with regard to teaching, research, and administration. This concept is related to neo-liberal economies and the ensuing tendencies of governments to reduce their funding of higher education. Over the past decade, universities in Israel have undergone marketization and privatization processes to generate external revenue for their services, due to dwindling governmental support, yet the reaction of their faculties has been an understudied topic. Using a representative mail survey of 1,538 faculty members in Israel's six public universities, this study assessed the reactions of faculty members to the severity of capitalistic phenomena in academia. The analysis reveals that faculty members define academic capitalism according to four main features: a decline in the public standing of the academy, intervention in work processes, commercialization of research and knowledge, and commercialization of teaching. Multivariate regression analyses reveal that faculty attitudes correlate with institutional and disciplinary affiliation, as well as with personal characteristics. The results are discussed with respect to their impact on the future of Israel's higher education system.